Hay used as pig’s fodder, but they cannot digest it easily. Hay is affected by rain, but silage is affected by air. Hay vs. Silage. Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Our premium line boasts superior quality through every step of the process. This is sometimes referred to as the wilt stage and also may be referred to as silage. Contact us with any questions or place your order today. The problem is that semi-dry grass turns to hay by itself. Combined data from two trials showed significantly (P < 0.05) greater dry matter consumption per 100 lb body weight of groups fed all-hay, 75% … This procedure makes the bailing process more accessible and removes the moisture more quickly. Its main disadvantage is its reliance on having 5 or … Hay usually contains a moisture content of 12%, whereas silage contains 40-60%. Silage is partially and easily digested, offering more nutritious value. Crops cut for silage have less curing time (24 to 48 hours), reducing exposure to possible weather damage. When making hay, green forage is cut and dried as quickly as possible. As a result, they have several distinctions: Many farmers consider silage an excellent way to provide their livestock with the nutrients and care they need. Hay is grass, herbaceous plants, and legume are cut, dried, and stored. This makes them more difficult to pack properly in the silo. In late June just before flowering, the making of hay starts usually. Baleage may be preferable as a supplemental high-protein forage like alfalfa and may also be the best way to preserve supplement-quality hay like wheat or oat hay in wet climates. This is a common moisture for producing haylage although haylage is more commonly … In general, haylage has a moisture content of between 15 percent to a maximum of 40 percent (60 to 85 percent DM). Conversely if you wanted to supply a beast with 8.5 MJ of ME then you would need 1.12 kg of the hay or 3.13 kg of the silage. The primary difference between hay and silage is that the former is grass that’s cut and dried to use as animal fodder. The dry matter value of hay is 82%, while sillage has DM value 40-60%. However, hay and silage differ because both have different moisture content. When the forage conservation method (hay vs. RBS) was examined, mean bale weight was greater for RBS than for hay bales (Table 2). What a farmer feeds their animals has a direct result on their health, as well as the quality of any products they create. Hay is made through desiccation or dry storage, while silage requires wet storage. Silage has a moisture content of more than 40 percent (DM less than 60 percent). Storage of forage as hay uses the acidifying power of lactic bacteria, which reduces the pH to around 4, below which all chemical reaction and fermentation stops. This is loss attributed to respiration or the curing process after harvest and is approximately 2% for hay and 10% for silage. Silage has more nutrients preserved per acre because there is less field loss. Hay will dry first and then made, while silage will dry in packing. Crops cut for hay can be at risk of weather damage due to longer curing times. Because of the low moisture content, hay is less likely to mould, but dust can be an issue for horses with respiratory issues. What’s the advantage? Hay will be affected by the weather; on the other hand, the silage will not. Once the seal is broken, eg a hole in the plastic or the silage is opened, then it will start to heat and spoil. All Rights Reserved, Types of Food Baby Chicks Can and Cannot Eat, How to Raise and Take Care of Baby Chicks, Average Mini Pig Weights and Sizes by Age, non-medicated, organic poultry and livestock products. Good grass silage can be made during periods which arent suitable for curing hay. Nature’s Best Organic Feeds offer organic, non-medicated, Non-GMO Project-Verified poultry and livestock products in both bagged and bulk quantities. “Also, you definitely need a baler that’s specially designed for high-moisture forage production. I do not speak english well and i'm not familiar with newfangled social media :/ At the moment it is difficult to produce silage. Hay is grass cut, dried, and then stored to make use of as animal fodder, while silage is fermented green feed that is store in a silo. Why is silage growing in popularity among farmers — and how does it stack up to hay? A cow will eat 2 silage per day, or the equivalent of 10 hay and 4 corn per day. It includes Maize, Oats, Disodium, Sorghum, Lucerne, Napier grass. A crop that can dry faster is suitable in the making of hay. Silage is fermented and stored in a silo before used as food. All mowers cut the plants into straight, known as swath. Corn silage (CS) has replaced alfalfa hay (AH) and haylage as the major forage fed to lactating dairy cows, yet many dairy producers believe that inclusion of small amounts of alfalfa hay or haylage improves feed intake and milk production. Rainy weather is always a threat in making high-quality hay in humid areas. There is no clear definition separating haylage and silage. Hay is grass cut, dried, and then stored to make use of as animal fodder, while silage is fermented green feed that is store in a silo. We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading. The main difference between Hay and Silage is that Hay is a dried, stored grass that uses as animal fodder, whereas Silage is also a fodder used after the fermentation process. The decision to lock up paddocks for fodder conservation is right on our doorstep, but should we be planning for hay or silage? Farmers typically have a few popular options when it comes to feeding their livestock. Silage has several advantages over hay as a mechanically harvested product. Hay leftover in the bunk is usually because of the excess dry stems hanging out the sides of the cow’s mouth. Haylage is forage chopped using a silage chopper and packed in a bunk, silo or bag. 4 posts. A fodder harvester can pick up quickly. In the second step, cut grass will be dry in the sunlight. In the making of silage, more digestible material used. Quality Timeliness of cutting and the percentage of alfalfa versus weeds in the stand will impact forage quality. If it is too wet, then nutrients loss and spoilage of silage. Baleage is a bale of hay put up wet and then wrapped. Haylage is forage chopped using a silage chopper and packed in a bunk, silo, or bag. Some producers may chop right after the mower or allow for some minimal drying prior to chopping to reach a moisture content of 60-70 percent. Silage contains 40-60% moisture content. Small farms with ruminants like cows, sheep or goats need forage to feed the animals in winter. moisture) traditional hay crops prior to ensiling. The premium line of feed prides itself on superior quality, made by a family-owned and operated company with over 70 years in business. To preserve its nutritional value, improve its taste, and quality, fodder will be pack airtight with polythene sheets. of DM of silage was greater than that of hay, or was more efficiently used. In 1970 about 80% of the grass conserved was as hay but this had fallen to less than 30% by 1990 due to a 5-fold increase in silage to about 46-50Mte. Hay: 82% Silage: 40-60% Preparation Hay: Grass is cut and dried in the field. The primary difference between hay and silage is that the former is grass that’s cut and dried to use as animal fodder. Post by Barons » Mon Dec 05, 2016 4:52 am Hello folks, Is silage needed at all for feeding your cows? Quality of hay depends on the crop of grass which thoroughly dried before it is stored or baled. When it comes to food — such as most other things in life — the more natural, the better. This makes it a low-cost option for fattening grazing cattle. Furthermore, the importance of silage is in its energy. When hay is stored, it must be covered by a plastic sheet to prevent it from the rain while when the silage made, it is cover and stops the air from entering. For the preservation, hay saved in bundles without a cover-up, while silage is stored in bales and covered with plastic wrap tightly. This process is entirely around 21 days. Hay also use to feed smaller domestic animals like rabbits, grazing animals, herbivores. Silage is essentially “pickled pasture,” or fodder that’s been fermented to feed cattle or sheep during dry seasons. Moisture Content Hay: 12% Silage: 40-60% DM Value. Hay’s DM value is 12%; on the flip side, silage has value 40-60%. should be the harvest. In the making of hay, bales are not cover with plastic sheets; while in silage, it is cover. FACT: The extra cost required to bale high-moisture hay (vs dry hay) could easily be offset by reducing hay losses* during harvesting, ... (If you need a silage baler, your total outlay can run around $100,000). Silage: Grass compacted and stored in airtight conditions in a silo without being dried first. Just ran a test, and yes a cow will eat a silage every 12 hours, if that is their only food source. Silage is stored using plenty of moisture, which allows it to retain a higher percentage of nutrients than a dry storage option. Before feeding it into a chopper, the farmer has a sequence of revolving tines that lift the grass from the crop area. Silage must be remain sealed, to exclude air. Hay is sun-dried forage, but silage is fermented forage. Silage is fed to cattle and sheep during winter months and is made by preserving the grass under naturally produced acidic conditions which effectively pickle the crop. If silage isn’t an option for your farm, consider Nature’s Best Organic Feeds! This is a result of the lower dry matter percentages associated with RBS compared with hay. Crop hay and silage can be of very good quality if managed correctly. Cut and dried grass used as animal fodder is called hay. Put a silage bale next to a dry bale and the silage bale will be completely gone before the cows even look at the dry bale; the material loss of silage bales is … The next step is where differences become more apparent. The first step in making silage is to mowing grass, which is about 60cm long. In Experiment I, alfalfa silage was fed ad libitum and hay feeding controlled to 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100% of the ration dry matter. Silage is quite moist and usually preferred by livestock to hay as it is more palatable and of higher food value. While the process of silaging won’t add any nutrients, it does a great job preserving existing nutrients. It is affected by wind and becomes poor quality silage. Both silage and hay are popular ways for farmers to feed their livestock when they’re unable to graze during the winter. SILAGE vs HAY. We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. Mowing of the grass crop is the first step in haymaking. If you’re interested in providing your farm animals with the healthiest option possible, consider our family-owned and operated business. Additionally, CP and TDN percentages for bales produced during the summer harvest period were greater for RBS bales than for hay bales. Hay … Hay dried in fields, but silage is not. Silage vs Hay in cow's belly. It contains many characteristics and heaving a pleasing smell. Fortunately, a little goes a long way. With almost 75 years in the business, we can guarantee excellent service that will help you find what you need! Both haylage and silage can be found in plastic … Grass silage can be made when weather isnt favorable for making god hay. Silage is fermented and stored in a silo before used as food. Haylage and silage are both ensiled forages, but the difference between them is moisture content. Barons Posts: 220 Joined: Fri Nov 25, 2016 5:02 am. A “silage baler” is exactly what it sounds like – a specially equipped baler built to handle the demanding job of making heavy, high-moisture crops into high-density bales of hay that can easily be wrapped for the best possible storage and fermentation. Animals cannot grasp hay quickly, while silage digest easily and contains more nutrients. haylage is cut, then baled much sooner than hay. … It is affected by rain, becomes unpalatable and poor quality. Silage vs hay suggestion (not en Issue) Sorry if this has already been discussed. 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