In Cyprus, Christianity is the religion of the majority. Middle Eastern Christians are relatively wealthy, well educated, and politically moderate,[18] as they have today an active role in various social, economical, sporting and political aspects in the Middle East. [72] As of 2013, the Israeli "Government - Christians Forum" was formed under the umbrella of the Ministry of Public Security, by Dr. Mordehcai Zaken, head of the Minorities Affairs Desk, to address and promote the concerns of Christian leaders and representative in their interactions with the State. These religions don’t get along very well because of their differences, but they also have some unseen similarities. [60] It is a fusion of Zoroastrian, Manichaean, Jewish, Nestorian Christian and Islamic elements. Before 1980, private religious education was banned and then it was changed to be required. [59] They are an ethnic group with a religion similar to orthodox Islam and Christianity. They are also concentrated in the plains around Hama and Homs. [55] According to most encyclopedias, in the early 21st century there are an estimated 6 to 8 million Baháʼís across the world. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Islam is the dominant religion in all of the Middle Eastern states except Israel and Palestinian areas. Learning about holidays is a good way for people of the MMddle east to become acquainted. [64] Dar al-Ifta al-Misriyyah, the branch of the Egyptian government that issues fatawa (religious edicts), gives lower (if less reliable) numbers, stating that there are 866 atheists in Egypt – "roughly 0.001% of the population"—325 in Morocco, and 32 in Yemen (defined as not only unbelievers, but secularists and "Muslims who convert to other religions"). The religions are Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. The 3 Main Religions in the Middle East (Islam) study guide by Maggle_Rose includes 21 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. The event when the Christians believe Jesus rose from the dead. Today Judaism in the Middle East is mostly practiced in Israel. There has been a growing religious resurgence in Turkey and more and more citizens find significance in their religious identities. Prophet Mohammad acknowledged the religion practices. Many of them are Hindu. The primary religions of the region are Islam, Judaism and Christianity. Islam is the second most followed religion in the country with the majority of the Turkish Cypriots identifying themselves as Sunni Muslims. The majority of the Muslims are Sunni, followed by Shi'a. [citation needed] In addition, 50% of the Parliament is represented by Christian Members, according to the law in Lebanon since the end of the war until today. I would say that religion is the most powerful binding agent that humanity knows. While it’s thought of as an Islamic region, the Eastern Orthodox Christian Church is a significant part of the region, for example. Understanding how these religions play a role in the day-to-day lives of Middle Eastern people is helpful. For the current candidates for the presidency, more than one is likely to be affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood. All three have a tie to Jerusalem as a Holy City. Apart from being the largest religion in the Middle East, it is also one of the largest religions in the world. Islam is the most widely followed religion in the Middle East. Islam is the most widely followed religion in the Middle East. [40] Zaidis are named after Zayd ibn ʻAlī, the grandson of Husayn ibn ʻAlī who they recognize as the fifth Imam. In the past, Samaritans used to populate also Egypt and Syria, but their community had almost collapsed by the late 19th century due to religious persecution by radical Islamists. Abrahamic religions are those religions traced by their adherents to Abraham. Since the 1950s because of growing antisemitism, most of these Jews fled to Israel where they make up the majority of Israel's Jewish population and roughly a third of total world Jewry. The list will grow as time allows. They are referred to as Muslims. In a world where religions plays such a major role in people’s lives, it is not surprising why it is such a major focus in the way choices and decisions are made. Muscat has two Hindu temples. [The Middle East and Religion] Near East Collections: An Illustrated Guide (Library of Congress - African & Middle Eastern Division) - materials concerning religion form approximately 20 percent of the holdings of the Near East Section. [2] The number of Middle Eastern Christians is dropping in some regions in the Middle East due to such factors as extensive emigration (usually to escape religious persecution), and the religious persecution itself. There is no need for temples; no need for complicated philosophy. These religions don’t get along very well because of their differences, but they also have some unseen similarities. A Venn Diagram showing Three Big Religions in the Middle East. The most, explored the culture of the Middle East because I find it very interesting and different from my own. [63] It is ultimately up to the individual to decide which deity they will follow. Millions of members of the Indian diaspora, of different religions, reside and work in Arab states of the Persian Gulf. [46], Alevism is a small syncretic,[47] heterodox[48] form of Islam, following Shia, Sufi, Sunni and local traditions,[49] whose adherents follow the mystical (bāṭenī)[50] teachings of Ali, the Twelve Imams, and a descendant—the 13th century Alevi saint Haji Bektash Veli. Ishikīs consider themselves to be esotericists, claiming that Alevism is esotericism itself, meaning that they identify themselves with every type of esotericism in history. [39] They emerged in the eighth century out of Shi'a Islam. Some practices of the Alevis are based on Sufi elements of the Bektashi[48] tariqa.[52][53]. Today the Samaritan community has grown to about 800 persons from as few as 150 in the early 20th century. recent questions recent answers. Our understanding of people and events in the Middle East requires familiarity with classical Islamic texts and history, as well as knowledge of the region’s more recent history, especially the last one hundred years with the … These Islam is a monotheistic religion, teaching belief in one God (Allah) and is based on the Quran. IU Southeast Instructor: Clint Franklin. While they no longer live among a Muslim majority, they continue to follow many customs with strong Muslim and Middle Eastern influences making them distinct from European Jewry. Christians now make up 5% of the population, down from 20% in the early 20th century. These are the main findings of a new Pew Research Center survey conducted among 14,244 respondents in 14 countries with significant Muslim populations from April 10 to May 25, 2014. Its international headquarters are located on the northern slope of Mount Carmel at Haifa, Israel. There are also communities of ethnic Indian Hindus and Christians. [61] There are two deities: Azhura Mazda, who fights for a person's goodness, and Ahriman, who fights for a person's evil. I hope you enjoy the Three Main Religions of the Middle East prezi. There are currently several million Christian foreign workers in the Gulf area, mostly from the Philippines, India, Sri Lanka and Indonesia. Alawis, also rendered as Alawites, Alawīyyah or Nusạyriyya, is a syncretic sect of the Twelver branch of Shia Islam, primarily centered in Syria. Volunteer efforts are welcome. Yazidi. All religions are present in Israel and lay personal claim to the land. All Abrahamic Religions are considered monotheistic, which is the belief in a single, universal, all-encompassing God. Another current religious tension in Egypt is the role of the Muslim Brotherhood, founded by Hassan al-Banna in Egypt. In the Middle Eastern states, there is a large community of Armenians. [41][42] At the core of Alawite belief is a divine triad, comprising three aspects of the one God. Religious minorities are now beginning to hold a larger presence and significance in Iran and are being acknowledged as such. Islam, Christianity, and Judaism believe that their sacred texts (or scriptures) are the "Word of God." The indigenous Eastern Aramaic speaking Assyrians of Iraq, south eastern Turkey, north western Iran and north eastern Syria have suffered both ethnic and religious persecution over the last few centuries such as the Assyrian Genocide, leading to many fleeing to the west or congregating in areas in the north of Iraq and Syria. In America, people are allowed to worship who they want, and believe in what they choose. [66] Other countries indicated low percentages (Palestinian Territories 4%, Turkey, Uzbekistan 2%). Want to know the number and percentage of religions in The Middle East and North Africa. Alawites have historically kept their beliefs secret from outsiders and non-initiated Alawites. Age, founder, population of believers, culture of origin, documentation, and differing views on the Messiah all factor in determining the differences and similarities between these, "This is my simple religion. Besides, political turmoil has been and continues to be a major contributor pressing indigenous Near Eastern Christians of various ethnicities towards seeking security and stability outside their homelands. [60] They do not see themselves as descendent from Adam and maintain complete segregation from the rest of the population (5). Devoted followers of Christ. [68] Devji states there is "a new movement of atheists in countries such as Saudi Arabia ... which takes the form of secret societies", meeting "in internet chat rooms and unnamed physical locations, like the mystics of old". For over 2,000 years a large portion of world Jewry lived in the Middle East. Answer this question. 2% are Jewish. The spread of Islam is closely linked with the history of the Middle East as the converts established some caliphates with their own laws based on Islamic law. [72], Religion in Lebanon is the most unique[clarification needed] in the Middle East, and a mix of religions make up Lebanon, represented by 59% Muslim (Shi'a, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite/Nusayri), 41% Christian (Maronite, Greek Orthodox, Melkite, and Christian churches non-native to Lebanon like Armenian Apostolic Church, Armenian Catholic Church, Chaldean Catholic Church, Roman Catholic Church, Assyrian Church of the East, Armenian Evangelical Church, Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, Protestant). The sect is believed to have been founded by Ibn Nusayr during the 9th century, and fully established as a religion, For this reason, Alawites are sometimes called Nusayris (Arabic: نصيرية‎ Nuṣayrīyyah), although the term has come to be used as a pejorative in the modern era. [72] Because of this large majority of Shia over Sunni Muslim, there is much tension between the two groups. [49] Alevis have some links with Twelver Shia Islam (such as importance of the Ahl al-Bayt, the day of Ashura, the Mourning of Muharram, commemorating Karbala), but do not follow taqlid towards a Marja' "source of emulation". After visiting and researching the Middle East I have came to change my, scandalous and sensitive subject in today’s world, and there are many misunderstandings about its beliefs, values, and goals. There are key aspects that are the reasons for these disputes. [22] The Battle of Siffin was a significant schism between the two sects. With this greater freedom of press, the Coptic issue has just begun to break into public awareness, but also due to a minority within both religious coummunities having extremism views, therefore the media may also be exacerbating the sectarian tension by only publicizing examples of prejudice.[74]. These pages are devoted to the many holidays of the peoples of the Middle East. A major source of conflict in the Muslim Middle East is the divisive nature between the two main sects of Islam: Sunni and Shi'a. What is the main religion of the Middle East. The origin of the name was invented by the colonies as a necessity to describe, The present battle in the Middle East, specifically in Iraq, is in part because of a conflict between the different cultures rooted there. Zaydi make up about 35-40% of the population of Yemen. Only about a fifth of all Muslims originate from Arab countries. Throughout the years, other differences have arisen between practices, beliefs and culture. A Pew survey found 63% of Egyptian Muslims favored the death penalty for those who leave the religion of Islam. [citation needed] Hindus, adherents of folk religions and Buddhists are expected to experience the greatest growth as a percentage of their modest 2010 counts[citation needed]. by Oren Kessler. The Brotherhood is however unpopular among the majority of Egyptians on account of its fundamentalist views, its clampdown on tourism and its desire to impose Sharia law on the nation. However, several pronounced differences tend to alienate the three over the course of history, inducing each to alternate between periods of persecution and tolerance, even to today. These Sunni groups often dissent through violence targeted at government, Western or non-Muslims that threat the Muslim nation, Shiites, and sometimes generally directed against moral corruption. Followers of Islam are called Muslims, the Arabic word for "one who submits." The Baháʼí Faith has noteworthy representation in Iran, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, Palestine, Israel, and Turkey. [20] However, Ahmadis are considered by the majority of Muslims as heretical.[21]. [69], It is estimated that in the Middle East around 900,000 people, perhaps more, profess Buddhism as their religion. [65], Some countries (Iraq, Tunisia) surveyed had 0% of respondents identifying as atheists. [61] Today, there are estimated to be under 20,000 Zoroastrians in Iran. AND RELIGIONS IN THE MIDDLE EAST a graduate class project of Fairleigh Dickinson Universit y by Alexandra Acosta Amanuel Ajawin Anwar Al-Barout Ahmed Al-Muharraqi Waleed Al-Shahari Jaime Buenahora Eve Burnett Pilar Bustamante ... family as the main economic unit of society led in turn to the creation of the administrators who oversaw the city’s output and managed the surplus. [68], In Egypt, Al Jazeera reported a clandestine atheist group of over 100 in Alexandria in 2013. Tweet. They are all monotheistic religions. Israel's population is 75.3% Jewish, with the remainder made up of Muslims (20.6%), Christians, Druze, Baháʼí and various other minorities (4.1%). The eponymously named Alawites revere Ali (Ali ibn Abi Talib), considered the 1st Imam of the Twelver school. [40] Followers of the Zaydi Islamic jurisprudence are called Zaydi Shi'a and make up about 35-40% of Muslims in Yemen. Monotheism = believing in ONLY ONE God! Many of these Buddhists are workers who have migrated from other parts of Asia to the Middle East in the last 20 years,[when?] This is the foundation of uniqueness of Lebanon and the source of much of its conflicts; and while changes have been made to attempt to make parliamentary representation more even, many are still urging for reform and change. In the modern era, … Author and historian Faisal Devji notes that although Saudi Arabia punishes unbelief with death, 5% of those surveyed identified themselves as atheists (a slightly higher percentage than did in the United States) and 19 percent did not consider themselves religious. Many came due to the migration of Indians and Nepalese expatriates and employees to the oil-rich states around the Persian Gulf. Christianity in the Middle East is characterized by its diverse beliefs and traditions compared to other parts of the old world. Judaism is based off of the Torah-the Jewish holy book. Religion in Iran is made up of 98% Islam (Shi'a 89%, Sunni 9%) and 2% Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baháʼí. The Armenians in the Middle East number around 350,000-400,000[12] and are mostly concentrated in Iran, Lebanon, Cyprus, Syria, Jordan, and Palestine, although well-established communities exist in Iraq, Egypt, Turkey, and other countries of the area. There is also a population living in the village of Ghajar in the Golan Heights. Monotheism. who is responsible for making regular reviews of existing cardholders and their monthly; Cost of development can include which of the following? The next largest religious group is Christians, who comprise roughly 4% of the region’s total population. All three of the religions have similar qualities, and, Many have heard the term “the three major religions”, but how many know what is meant by this? List of religious populations in The Middle East and North Africa. The short and somewhat unnuanced answer is that Judaism came from the area today known as Israel. [16] Arab Christians, and those who tend to identify as Arabs, are mostly adherents of the Greek Orthodox Church. Druze, or Druse, is a monotheistic religion found in Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan. Well that's an easy question to answer as long as we don't go into detail. Maps produced within the territories represent Jerusalem differently. Middle Eastern culture is different from American culture and some people are not culturally aware so they do not understand Middle Eastern culture, therefore, people judge off of what they know. Most of the Greek Cypriots identify as Greek Orthodox. [33][34][35][36] Please excuse my small text, I will edit it later. [19] Muslims believe that Muhammad is the final prophet of God in a long chain of prophets, from Adam on down to John the Baptist, Jesus, and finally Muhammad. Sinai. [75] This is a mix of republicanism and religion where that would use religion to rule for elective and democratic institutions; it was to be a blend of liberalism and religious injunctions (abs). Protestant converts number around 400,000. The process of Christianization was a slow one and, even toward the end of the Middle Ages, many people still practiced 'folk magic' and held to the beliefs of their ancestors even while observing Christian rites and rituals. The Middle East supports three major religions; Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. [58] They revere Adam, Abel, Seth, Enosh and Noah. increase the need for people and societies in different cultures and regions of the world to understand each other. 90% of the population in the Middle East practice Islam. [3] Recent spread of Jihadist and Salafist ideology, foreign to the tolerant values of the local communities in Greater Syria and Egypt has also played a role in unsettling Christians' decades-long peaceful existence.[4]. Middle East considers one of the most studied areas in the world due to its rich history of politics, social, economic, and its culture and civilization. % of population’s religious beliefs in SW Asia Sales Muslim Christian … Non-Muslim religious communities include various groups of Jains, Buddhists, Zoroastrians, Sikhs, Jews, Hindus and Christians. Sunni is the largest branch of Islam and dominates most countries in the Middle East. [69] The group complained of mistreatment of atheists by society and government. Shiite Islamist revolution has never been a huge threat to the Saudi Arabian government, though, because it is such a small population. These religions don’t get along very well because of their differences, but they also have some unseen similarities. SO, …. [61] It was also one of the most powerful religions in the world for about 1000 years. They occasionally avoid an Arabic identity in favour of a pre-Arab Phoenician-Canaanite heritage. The Middle East's Conflicts Are About Religion. Jesus. The Middle East supports three major religions; Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. One of them is … Judaism (followed later by Christianity and Islām) traces “the Religion” back to Abraham, who had personal and direct relations with God, as was customary in the ancient Middle Eastern milieu. Religion in Iraq is represented by 97% Islam (Shiite 60%–65%, Sunni 32%–37%), and 3% Christian or other. [citation needed]. Religious Customs. Buddhist adherents make up just over 0.3% of the total population of the Middle East. The ethnic Greeks, who had once inhabited large parts of the western Middle East and Asia Minor, have declined since the Arab conquests and recently severely reduced in Turkey, as a result of the Asia Minor Catastrophe, which followed World War I. They are colloquially known as Mizrahi Jews. The majority of the Muslims are Sunni, followed by Shi'a. [71], Religion in Egypt consists of Islam (mostly Sunni Muslim) 80-90%, Coptic Christians 10-20% and Other Christians 1%. More Armenian communities reside in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and to lesser degree in other Middle Eastern countries such as Iraq and Israel. Therefore, it is difficult to determine whether Palestinian Territories or Israel will encompass this region. With the close proximity of these countries, but the differing views on things, mainly religion, creates some conflicts and hostility. 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