The Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium) is a broadleaf evergreen shrub that grows well in shadier spots. Keywords: birds, broad leaf (evergreen), butterflies, creeping or trailing, edible, fire-resistant , purple, spreading, thorns or prickles, upright, yellow, Articles that mention this plant: Deer resistant plants, Native plants for deep shade, Plans that use this plant:Dry, shady, Moist, shady, Information and Services for King County, Washington, birds, broad leaf (evergreen), butterflies, creeping or trailing, edible, fire-resistant , purple, spreading, thorns or prickles, upright, yellow, Become a certified small business contractor or supplier, Find certified small business contractors and suppliers, Department of Natural Resources and Parks, Property tax Low blood pressure: Oregon grape can lower blood pressure. Oregon Grape-Holly – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. Low Oregon-Grape (Berberis nervosa, a.k.a. It is a landscape staple in municipal plantings west of the Cascades, its shiny foliage, yellow flowers and blue fruits acting as Mother Nature’s pretty, albeit treacherous, jewelry. Growth: Low Oregon Grape usually grows slowly to about 2 ft. (60cm), but may grow taller, especially in deeper shade. Mahonia aquifolium, the Oregon grape, is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America. The alternate generic name, “Mahonia” honors Bernard McMahon, a nineteenth century American horticulturalist. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. The fruits are eaten by many small birds and mammals. Cuttings are best taken September-March, treated with hormone, and stuck in peat/perlite media; leaving only 1 or 2 leaflets and wounding the base of the cutting. Many small mammals also eat the foliage, especially the White-footed Vole. Habitat: It grows in dry to fairly moist, open to dappled, shady woods. Today they are more frequently used in jelly or wine. 30 seeds from the Cascade mountains. There are three main species of Mahonia in British Columbia. Soil: well-drained; dry to moist. Use by people: The tart berries were eaten by natives, but not in quantity; they were more often mixed with sweeter berries such as salal. $4.00 FOR 1 LOW OREGON GRAPE IN SMALL POT Mature Height:2'-3' Moisture:Dry to moist Exposure: Sun to partial shade Attractive to bees, butterflies, and … Dwarf Oregon grape prefers shady areas – often second story Douglas fir forest. The flowers are yellow and quite fragrant which attracts pollinators during the spring. The leaves sprout from low-growing stems, the clusters of leaves not reaching a meter in height. It is called “dull” b… The tall variety ( Mahonia aquifolium ) is what is most commonly used in yards for landscaping purposes, and we even have some in our yard. Diagnostic Characters: Mahonia nervosa is the easiest to distinguish from other native Mahonias; it has more leaflets, (9-19 per leaf) per ~12-inch (30cm) long leaf. WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. It is called “dull” because its leaves are not as shiny as Tall Oregon Grape’s leaves and “long-leaf” because it has more leaflets making a longer compound leaf. The spring flowers of Oregon grape in May. The berries have been used (when absolutely ripe) for preserves. Tall Oregon grape prefers sunnier locations in low to middle elevations. Easy to grow, nice looking year ‘round, these plants are shaped like a bouquet. Oregon grape, also known as Barberry, B. vulgaris, was highly regarded as a useful and even necessary herb in Europe from Elizabethan times and through the eighteenth century. Phenology:  Bloom Period:  April-May. Fragrant, they attract pollinators before giving way to clusters of dark blue-purple, edible berries in late summer. Layering and division are also possible. One of my favorite wild foraging books, Foraging the Mountain West by Thomas Elpel describes it as, “Oregon Grape is not a grape at all but an intensely tart berry from an evergreen shrub with spiny leaves.” In our region it grows low to the ground, although there are varieties growing elsewhere that grow taller. records. Leaves are clustered toward the tip of the stem in a terminal “rosette.”  Otherwise it is very similar to other Oregon Grapes with its spiny, leathery, often bronzy, compound leaves, bright yellow flowers and blue berries. It is also known as Berberis nervosa. (Ma-HOE-nee-uh nerv-OH-suh) Names: Low Oregon Grape is also called Cascade Oregon Grape, Cascade Barberry, Dull Oregon Grape, Dwarf Oregon Grape or Longleaf Mahonia. Shiny evergreen leaves, shade-loving, tart edible berries, great for ground cover. The berries are a great food source for birds and mammals during the summer and fall. Stored seed requires a stratification period of at least 3 weeks. They are palmately veined, with three long veins originating from the base, and with strongly toothed edges. Relationships: There are about seventy species of Mahonia in Asia, and Central and North America, about 13 in North America. For tall Oregon grape, select a healthy branch from an abundant bush, and saw off near the ground. Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt. Low Oregon Grape, Mahonia nervosa Berberidaceae – Barberry family “Berberis” is derived from the Arabic name for one or more species in the Mediterranean area. Applying bottom heat is also beneficial. The roots were also boiled to make a medicinal tea. The plant provides cover for small birds and mammals. This shorter species is referred to as Low Oregon Grape to distinguish it from Tall Oregon Grape, Mahonia aquifolium. Despite … Propagation:  Seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame; seeds should not be allowed to dry out. Use by wildlife: In some areas, Low Oregon Grape is browsed by Black-tailed Deer and Roosevelt Elk. Low Oregon Grape                                                             The Barberry Family–Berberidaceae. Mahonia nervosa, commonly known as dwarf Oregon-grape, Cascade barberry, Cascade Oregon-grape, or dull Oregon-grape, is a flowering plant native to the northwest coast of North America from southern British Columbia south to central California, with an isolated population inland in northern Idaho. Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum. Oregon grape, Mahonia aquifolium, is a small evergreen ornamental shrub that is native to Oregon, Washington, northern California, northern Idaho and British Columbia. Utilization by domestic sheep in the Cascade Ranges in Washington may reach 6.8 to 23.7 percent. This is the short cousin to Tall Oregon Grape and is better used as a ground cover (generally 2 foot in height) planted either singly or in masses. Sprays of golden-yellow flowers brighten gloomy, rainy spring days. A species from east of the Cascades, low Oregon grape will grow happily in full sun to full shade; it is the most successful for perpetually dry shade and once established is drought tolerant even in sunny conditions. Jul 10, 2019 - Low Oregon Grape The Barberry Family–Berberidaceae Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt. Mature width: 2′ to 3′. (Ma-HOE-nee-uh nerv-OH-suh) Names: Low Oregon Grape is also called Cascade Oregon Grape, Cascade Barberry, Dull Oregon Grape, Dwarf Oregon Grape or Longleaf Mahonia. The leaves are evergreen, pinnately compound with 9-19 leaflets, and are only slightly shiny, unlike other species of Oregon-grape. It grows in … 9. It has long, jagged glossy green leaves that take on a … Berberine is a naturally occurring compound in plants such as goldenseal, Oregon grape, and tree turmeric. **Use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only. Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium) is the Oregon state flower. The yellow roots were used for dying basket materials; especially Beargrass. It is sometimes called Oregon grape-holly, although it’s not a grape or a holly! (Ma-HOE-nee-uh nerv-OH-suh) Names: Low Oregon Grape is also called Cascade Oregon Grape, Cascade Barberry, Dull Oregon Grape, Dwarf Oregon Grape or Longleaf Mahonia. It looks great combined with native snowberry above and through the glossy green massed leaves. They have leathery, compound leaves consisting of 5-9 Holly-like leaflets on each side that emerge with a nice reddish-bronze color in spring, before turning to dark green. Flowers are followed by large clusters of blue berries with a waxy, whitish bloom. This broadleaf evergreen needs little pruning, but when it is done, should be done after the flowers are spent. in height. Three are found in the Pacific Northwest. This beautiful plant has dark green leaves that take on a purplish color during the winter, bright yellow flowers with a honey-like fragrance that bloom in April to early May, and purple blue berries that grow in small clusters when ripe. Mahonia is named after American Horticulturist, Bernard McMahon. Mahonia aquifolium The Oregon Grape, or Holly Grape, as they are also called, are evergreen shrubs that are native to the Pacific Northwet. The elongated compound leaves of low Oregon Grape have 9 to 19 leaflets, with prominent veins. Fruits ripen August-September. Light conditions: part sun to full shade. Apr 29, 2020 - Low Oregon Grape The Barberry Family–Berberidaceae Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt. Creeping Oregon grape is a much smaller, more compact member of a family valued by landscapers for their bright yellow flowers, evergreen leaves, and bluish berries. The English settlers brought it with them to America, where they extended the name and reputation of barberry to natives of the west and Northwest. Forming an attractive and tight ground cover, Mahonia repens (Creeping Mahonia) is a low-growing, evergreen shrub with multi-season interest. Low Oregon Grape. Mahonia nervosa) Barberry Family Upright stalks of yellow flowers brighten a shady garden starting early in March, and the deep blue berries ripen August through late fall. Oregon grape … Fights against cancer. The fruits are readily eaten by many small birds and mammals. In spring, racemes of cheerful, bright golden-yellow flowers appear just above the leaves. With its leathery, fern-like, leaves, it is an attractive groundcover or border plant for a shady woodland garden. Otherwise it is a low-growing, shrubby plant with persistent, hollylike leaves. It originated in western North America and is the state flower of Oregon. It has a large range in the west; in Washington and Oregon it is mainly found east of the Cascades growing in conifer forests, so it … Harvesting the Yellow Bark: I harvest this plant all year round, though usually barks are best harvested in the spring or fall. Low Oregon grape is a smaller plant found in the forest understory. Uses: Low Oregon Grape has been used as an ornamental species for decades. It is favored for its bright yellow flower clusters in spring, the dark purple berries in late summer, and the reddish green leaf color in fall and winter. Oregon grape ( Mahonia aquifolium) is a flowering herb that has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine to treat numerous conditions, including … Mature height: 1′ to 2′. In the landscape, Low Oregon Grape is an excellent choice for dry shade. The nectar of the flowers are favored by Anna’s Hummingbirds. “Nervosa” […] Oregon grape might increase the risk of blood pressure becoming too low in people who already have low blood pressure. Low (or creeping) Oregon grape (Mahonia repens) is an evergreen ground cover that grows one to two feet tall and four to six feet wide. The Oregon grape is a low sprawling shrub with waxy, dark green leaves that look like holly leaves. up, Parcel Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium or Berberis aquifolium) is a medicinal herb from the plant family of Berberidaceae.Long before the Europeans and other immigrants began to arrive in America, indigenous tribes used Oregon grape for many ailments including fever, … A great plant for cover and food for ground-feeding birds. The foot-long leaves stay green all year, Low Oregon Grape, Mahonia nervosa. information & payment, Jail inmate look In China, where Oregon grape root is also replaced for the herb coptis, research have shown that one of the alkaloids the plant contains, berbamine, can help strengthen bone marrow and assist chemotherapy and radiation patients in their recovery. Any pruning at this time will remove this years fruit, but it will not reduce next years flowers. Low Oregon Grape is a groundcover that does well in dry shady areas and is a good choice for planting in areas that have been cleared of Himalayan blackberry. It looks great combined with native snowberry above and through the glossy green massed leaves. Oregon grape is an evergreen shrub/ground cover that is slow growing and only reaches about 2 feet (60 cm.) Dull Oregon-grape. Due to genetic similarities between Mahonia, the genus of Oregon Grape, and Berberis, the genus of Barberries, many species are shuffled between the two genera. Oregon grape, a native of western North America, is only grapelike in its edible blue berries. They are commonly planted in city landscapes, parks, and along roadsides. viewer or iMap, Public The value of dwarf Oregon-grape browse to domestic livestock is apparently low in most locations. Prune branch tips back to increase density and direct the plants growth. Nervosa refers to the fan-like veins in its leaves. 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