Subscribe to Equinews and get the latest equine nutrition and health news delivered to your inbox. (https://kppusa.com/2014/12/19/beet-pulp-super-hero-fibers), Standlee Hay (https://standleeforage.com) offers a variety of grass hay cubes and compressed baled hay that would be appropriate. If you can't buy alfalfa hay, I've heard of people offer tums to does on the milk stand. This hay is high in protein, but lower in calcium than legume hay. Don’t let your horse drink the soaking water as it is high in sugar. sugar content in hay, but caution should be used to ensure that a representative sample is taken. of pasture (9/.20) to receive the same amount of dry matter. Kentucky Performance Products developed Micro-Phase for easy keepers and sugar-sensitive horses. Some nutritionists might go as low as 10%, but I feel there is little difference between 10 and 12% because forages have slow consumption rates. This can become important when considering the ideal Calcium:Phosphorus ratio for horses, which should be about 2:1. © Copyright 2020 Kentucky Equine Research. When faced with a metabolic horse, hay selection is critical. When health issues arise, always seek the advice of a licensed veterinarian who can help you choose the correct course of action for your horse. We gave him a year off and we had him on a strict diet of Orchard and supplements approved by the vet, including the magnesium/chromium powered. I knew Shammie inside & out. Time of year, time of day and weather all impact the sugar levels in hay. Brome being a low source of calcium can be a problem with does in milk and if the do not get alfalfa hay or pellets, I'd be concerned with milk fever. The Case For Afternoon Cutting - Photosynthesis. If you have further questions, please let me know. . Fiber portion: grass hay As with the concentrate portion of the diet, the hay portion should have an NSC value of 10% (12% at the highest). The effectiveness of the Remission in this case is questionable. Not that she isnt willing to pay for the hay and the test (thats good in my thinking process ). Kentucky Performance Products, LLC. And am I over speculating he maybe trying to founder again? Analysis of the hay/pasture is essential for the proper management of diets for PSSM horses. Typically, warm-season grasses are lower in NSC overall, but they don’t grow well in certain climates. Cold weather and hard ground can also impact the sensitive laminae and make a previously foundered horse sore. 11. Alfalfa-brome hay, alfalfa-brome (plowed down) , sug-ar beets, corn (sweet clover) , barley4. HORSE HAY Sugar Content in Feed & Forage Affects Horses' Health CSU 01818 No “Low Carb” hay Low sugar hay <10% sugars as WSC (Water Soluble Carbohydrates) Potassium (K) Watch fertilizer practices Species of grasses and legumes All are okay Feed appropriately Nutrients to match activity Dr. Reilly is the “Ask the Vet” expert on Equine Insulin Resistance for the AAEP. Ethanol-soluble carbohydrates (ESC) is a subclass of WSC and measures only simple sugars and short-chain polysaccharides. Brome is closer in appearance to orchard than timothy, in appearance. Hays can vary in nutritional content, with some containing Non-Structural Carbohydrate (NSC) values over 15%. “Of course, there are always exceptions, but generally the more mature the grass, the lower the NSC or at least the lower the calories. $85.00 Alfalfa timothy brome 60/40 mix 1400lb bales no rain 9-14% moisture 100 bale left located in thorsby. Horses challenged by metabolic syndrome should be offered hays that are low in non-structural carbohydrates or NSC. Analyzing sugar content in pasture grasses (Column) ... (Sept. 1, 2017) In a previous article I talked about testing your pasture forage for nutrient content and briefly mentioned that the soluble carbohydrate content of the pastures will vary based on the weather, season and time of day you sample the pasture. Hays that come from grains contain a lot of nitrates, especially if they have a growth spurt following a period of drought. Horse Hay: Understanding Sugar and Starch Content, Possible Link Between Selenium and Cribbing in Horses, Hot Blood, Warm Blood, Cold Blood in Horses. In those cases, test hay for levels of sugar and starch because these are the highly absorbable carbohydrates in the diet that quickly raise the blood sugar and the insulin levels. This is a very important topic. Equi-analytical Laboratories has a 6-step procedure in diagram form on their website. All rights reserved. Timothy is about the best "single" hay, in that it's higher in fiber, has a bit less sugar. Even though it is low in sugar, its high protein levels can adversely impact the IR horse. The rest of this article will use the familiar term of calorie. As long as you're offering a calcium rich alfalfa pellets, I'd happily feed it. Can hay nutrient quality and sugar content be improved by cutting in the afternoon rather than in the morning? If a horse is having an attack of laminitis, exercise can cause severe damage to the laminae. I am looking at a grass hay that is mostly Orchard, brome, fescue and some Tim (little). Note: Timothy Hay is more suitable for adult rabbits due to the low calcium content. . By reviewing these reports, horse owners have an idea if the hay is appropriate for their horses, assuming the sellers have the starch and sugar analyzed. A proper hay would be a prairie hay or a second or third cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage. I know winter months are the hardest on older horses and insulin resistant horses. This makes it more fragrant, greener and more palatable. Just 2 wks ago with his trimming and shoes afterwards I have noticed him constantly limping on front feet, my Awesome farrier has been working very hard in keeping him sound and he gets no pasture no grass what so ever. This class of carbohydrates includes starch, water-soluble sugar, and fructan. THANK YOU!! Because of this, the amount of fructan can be estimated by subtracting ESC from WSC. Though no hay can be reliably classified as low-NSC without being tested, some tend to be more appropriate for metabolic horses, according to Crandell. the digestible carbohydrates). Multiple cuttings from the same field of grass can yield hay with different levels of NSC. The farmer is having the hay tested. I am wondering if this grass hay is adequate. Pellets have been suggested but I am concerned about fiber. Make sure the hay chop you get meets your NSC requirement of 12% or less. So any species of grass may have times when it is higher and then times that it is lower. Our horse supplements target specific nutritional needs and are formulated to complement today’s feeds, thus safeguarding against over-supplementation. One cool-season perennial in particular, ryegrass, can be very high in NSC and should be avoided for use in horses with any hint of metabolic issues. Their input is very important. Sign up for free now! Should We Cut Hay In The Morning Or Afternoon? For horses that are stalled, or for horses that do not have abundant pasture, stored forage in the form of hay is the primary source of forage. Since your horse is older, if you choose to feed hay cubes, soak them before feeding. In that case an additional vitamin and mineral supplement is necessary to meet the horse’s vitamin and mineral requirements. Some carry hay chops. If this is true, the earlier in the day cutting would help generate lower sugar hay. ), which cutting is most likely to be highest in sugar: first, second, or third? Horse owners often work with equine nutritionists to formulate rations. At some point, most of us will have to manage a starch/sugar sensitive horse. “Occasionally, NSC is calculated adding ESC and starch, especially when dealing with concentrate feeds, because the fructan content is expected to be very low. So when is the best time to harvest? (https://kppusa.com/product/elevate-maintenance-powder) Additional vitamin E, up to 3,000 IU per day, is beneficial for horses struggling with PPID. Unfortunately, I can’t find any specific information on Bohemian grass. Thanks for info. When choosing hay for a starch/sugar sensitive horse, you have to consider all these factors. Probe each bale in the center of the strings on the small end of the bale so you are probing the length of the bale. Analysis of the hay/pasture is essential for the proper management of diets for PSSM horses. To collect your sample you will need a hay probe, a drill, and a ziplock sealable plastic bag to put the sample in. Fill out the paperwork required by the testing facility and drop it in the mail. Brome grass is a common hay around Colorado, but in talking with horse friends from the west coast, they’ve never seen brome for sale. If a horse has experienced pasture associated laminitis, then they need a hay that is low in starch and sugar content. In addition to all of this, Tifton 85 has been found to be one of the lowest starch and lowest sugar content hay available. In about 1720, American farmer Timothy Hanson began to promote this grass as a hay crop in North America, and it has kept his name ever since. i.e. Test hay for levels of sugar and starch as these are the highly absorbable carbohydrates in the diet that quickly raise the blood sugar and the insulin levels. Main content Content HAY CHART Home > Care Guide > Diet > Hay > Hay Chart . The warm season grasses (native grasses such as blue grama, sideoats grama, switchgrass, etc.) Howdy! Once hay is cut, it will ‘sweat up’ for approximately two to three weeks. Forage harvested in the afternoon is no higher in sugar than standing forage by morning. . Forage (hay/pasture) makes up 60-100% of the diet for horses, depending on their function and activity. Beet Tops (Sugar) 20 Beef Magazine 2009 Bermuda grass (hay) 63.3 UC Cooperative Extension 2009 Bermuda grass (seed screenings) 91.4 94.3 87.9 UC Cooperative Extension 2009 Bermuda Grass Hay 93.1 94.4 91.8 Dairy One Bermuda Grass Silage 38.6 50.3 26.8 Dairy One Bermudagrass Coastal Dehydrated 90 Beef Magazine 2009 Am I giving my horse to much of supplements with feed or not enough , I need someone to help lead me in the right direction in what to do, after hand walking my horse daily for 10-15 minutes 2-3 times a day he seems fine then it’s like later each time I go to take him out he shows a sign of limping then he’s ok once on really soft ground when walking, we don’t have a dry lot to turn him out everything is with grass so I’m afraid to turn him out since 2 wks ago. Smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis) is a cool-season grass introduced into the United States from Hungary in 1884. Timothy Hay is an exceptional roughage and fiber source. That is 15 to 20 lbs for a 1,000 lb horse. They range from species of grass to growing conditions and harvest timing. If you horse is insulin-resistant, avoid alfalfa hay. Concentrate portion: Legends CarbCare Show & Pleasure Tropical grasses don’t contain fructans and tend to have lower sugar content, so hay made in the south may be more suitable, but you will be paying a lot in freight to get it up north. Timing pasture access for horses with EMS, IR, or a history of laminitis can help prevent serious problems. We suspect the cause being the weather. NSC represents the total amount of starch and sugar contained in a feedstuff. Compare StressDex to Summer Games Electrolyte as an example. No founder has been detected as with xrays, could this be a bad case of arthritis? When horses eat a feedstuff over time, not as much sugar enters the bloodstream in one fell swoop,” said Crandell. Tifton has a much higher digestibility rate and higher fiber content than Coastal. http://equi-analytical.com. Plan on collecting a sample for each load of hay you purchase. Orchard Grass is a highly palatable grass with a high nutrient content. Currently, it is thought that a safe sugar content for sensitive horses is 10% or less. Timing pasture access for horses with EMS, IR, or a history of laminitis can help prevent serious problems. I know that the sugar content in hay depends a lot on the weather, temperature, rainfall, height of hay, and time of day the hay is cut. If you feed under that amount, your horse will not be getting the required vitamins and minerals they need. In the meantime, I recommend you review the sugar levels in your horse’s diet, as he may be getting too much sugar. Learn more about selecting hay and getting hay tested. Insulin has direct action on all cells in the body (except the brain), and helps in carbohydrate, protein, and fat breakdown products entering the cells. Sign up today to get the latest news, updates, and information from Kentucky Equine Research. Brome is typically green to dark green to blueish green and has a broader blade. You can also check with your local extension office to see if they offer testing services. But I was wondering if those that test their hay might be able to answer a question: Under similar conditions (for weather, time of day the hay is cut, rain, etc. I suggest you choose a supplement that provides more electrolytes and less sugar. The level of sugar is dependent on species of grass, time of year, and growing conditions. You can learn more here: https://kppusa.com/product/micro-phase One bucket of Micro-Phase will last you 160 days if you feed 3 ounces per day. “In my experience, warm-season grasses like coastal Bermudagrass and teff tend to be lower in NSC than cool-season perennial grasses, such as timothy and orchardgrass. Monitor your horse’s weight and adjust the amount fed accordingly. Orchard grass and timothy have similar nutrient profiles, so you might be able to find an orchard grass hay with lower sugar levels that provides fewer calories than what you are currently feeding. For example, the northern and southeastern states are typically deficient in selenium. Feed several small meals per day to give your horse plenty of chew time, as this will reduce both boredom and the risk of ulcers. EPM- Part II: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment, Grass hays: an average of 13% (range 7%-18%), Legume hays (alfalfa): an average of 11% (range 8%-13%), Mid-bloom, mature grass tends to be lower in sugar, Very mature plants tend to contain large amounts of indigestible fiber and can be unpalatable, Grasses harvested in the morning, following evenings when temperatures are 40°F or above will be lower in NSC, The longer hay is dried in the field, the lower the NSC, Western hays tend to be harvested later in the day and baled more quickly than Eastern hays, so they can be higher in NSC, Hay that has been lightly rained on will be lower in NSC; however, it must be completely dry when baled or it will become moldy, Grasses stressed from drought conditions or freezing temps will contain higher percentages of NSC, Stressed warm season grasses, such as crabgrass or coastal Bermuda grass, tend to be lower in NSC, Stressed cool season grasses, such as fescue, orchard grass, and Timothy, tend to be higher in NSC. You may or may not need to feed grain, depending on the quality of your hay. What do I mean by recommended amount? Nutritional Content of Hay. Grass Hay averages 10.8% protein and 12.9% NSC. “If I have a forage analysis, then I can really nail down the nutrient levels in the diet. If you can't buy alfalfa hay, I've heard of people offer tums to does on the milk stand. https://standleeforage.com/nutrition/nutritional-papers/low-carb-forage-options, Triple Crown Safe Starch Forage is another option. A good electrolyte will stimulate the thirst response and increase water intake. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. I wanted to ask as i am thinking of producing a hay specially suited to my laminitic pony. Can you make any recommendations to keep my horse trim and still allow me to breathe normally? If you can find some, it is often easier to feed hay that contains an appropriate sugar level. Time of year, time of day and weather all impact the sugar levels in hay. […] From the Kentucky Performance Products blog: […], Your email address will not be published. © 2020 Copyright Kentucky Performance Products. If your horse is an easy keeper, then a vitamin and mineral pellet alone can meet his nutrient requirements without adding unnecessary extra calories or sugar. He was my childhood horse – 25 years! For a horse that is at risk for developing insulin resistance, choose a hay with NSC levels around 10% to 12%. I am also extremely sensitive to bermuda. Protein in hay varies depending on the type and maturity level of the hay when it is cut. Baling hay that shows a moisture content of over 14% can be a recipe for disaster and is not recommended. I suggest you contact your local Cooperative Extension Ag agent or the agricultural college in your area and work with them to choose the correct type of grass for your climate and soil conditions. non-improved pasture hay with a Non-Structural Carbohydrate (NSC) reading of 6-12 (NSC describes the sugar and starch content of a feed. Lucerne hay (a legume) generally has a lot lower content of NSC and sugar. If pasture at 20% dry matter is substituted for the hay, it would have to consume 45 kg. If your horse has insulin resistance (IR), lack of exercise increases insulin dysregulation, thereby increasing the risk of laminitis. And, even hay can run the risk of higher sugar content if it is cut in bright sun. https://kppusa.com/product/summer-games-electrolyte/. My horse is a candidate for laminitis. You’ve gotta read this « HORSE NATION, Picking Hay for Sugar/Starch Sensitive Horses. As long as you feeding an adequate amount of fiber, and some long hay (recommendations range for 25% to 50%) along with cubes or pellets, your horse will probably do fine. My knowledge is real limited, but ..... maybe I can learn. Please Note: If your rabbit is very sensitive to diet changes (and most are), then please introduce any changes or additions of this kind, very gradually. Grazing Gala brome is related and also desirable. In some instances, hay growers or brokers will have hay analyzed prior to offering it for sale. Sugar+starch combined (hydrolyzable sugars) are greater than 10% (the limit suggested by the ECIR group) in the spring and winter - half the samples would be above the average shown in the graphs. Many of the pastures in Florida are made up of mostly warm-season grasses that perform well in hot, humid conditions; however, some cool-season grasses can also be present to provide winter grazing. 10. What a great question! We’ve also tried a new hay this winter…it’s called brome, and all 10 horses seem to love it. In the humid East, hay cut in the afternoon is almost always still above 40 percent moisture by nightfall, but the higher temperatures and humidity keep respiration cranking all night. Harvesting Brome Hay. However what other values should I be looking at. The way a horse utilizes sugar and starch is actually in a negative way in excess. In general, warm-season grasses contain less sugar then the cool-season grasses found in the northern states, but keep in mind all grasses contain some sugar. Can hay nutrient quality and sugar content be improved by cutting in the afternoon rather than in the morning? 20% NSC is considered the high end of “low carb,” but for an IR or sugar-sensitive horse it is too high. Variations occur from field to field. Ultimately, the only way to accurately assess the nutritional content of hay is to have it tested at your local agricultural extension. The better the quality of the hay you feed, the less grain you will need to feed. Have your hay tested and pay close attention to the levels of NSC (nonstructural carbohydrates, or sugars), CF (crude fiber) and DE (digestible energy, or calories). Thanks for your questions. Peg. StressDex is 73% sugar and only 1.9% salt. Most rabbits find dried grasses very tasty, so it's a good choice if your rabbit's a reluctant hay eater. Believe it or not, legumes like alfalfa are usually lower in NSC than many grass hays.”. Thank you for contacting us. HORSE HAY Sugar Content in Feed & Forage Affects Horses' Health CSU 01818 No “Low Carb” hay Low sugar hay <10% sugars as WSC (Water Soluble Carbohydrates) Potassium (K) Watch fertilizer practices Species of grasses and legumes All are okay Feed appropriately Nutrients to match activity Grass that is more mature when it is cut for hay will also show the same trends. Brome hay should be cut between early heading and full bloom—usually mid-May to June 1—to opti-mize quantity and quality. As far as feeding hay cubes or fiber pellets, there is some controversy regarding optimum fiber length requirements in the horse’s gut. Moisture levels for safe storage of hay vary with size and density of the bale and type of hay. Horses being maintained, mares in the first two-thirds of gestation, and mature horses working at light or moderate levels can do nicely on immature grass hay. A proper hay would be a prairie hay or a second- or third-cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage. When he started showing signs I started reading to have more awareness on the subject. Legume hays (alfalfa and clover) contain 12% to 20% protein. That is the only reason afternoon-cut hay is higher in sugar out West. Of particular import is NSC content. The following alphabetic chart provides nutritional data for common forages. Starch is a complex polysaccharide carbohydrate that is preferentially digested in the small intestine. Offering smaller meals more often is ideal. However, when looking at NSC in forages, it is best to use WSC and starch for the calculation because of the negative effects both fructans and starch can have in the hindgut of sensitive horses.”. I have a 23yr old previously grass foundered gelding who has heart-bar glue on shoes , eats1pd. Supplements are intended to maintain healthy systems and support recovery and healing. Cutting the hay is the first step in harvesting. Western Timothy Hay is … They are not intended to treat or cure illness or injury. This can be a significant savings. Appreciate the info. Insulin resistant (IR) horses and previously foundered horses should consume feed and hay that have an NSC value of 10% or less. thanks. Timothy hay is the better choice of hay as it comes straight from the farm, sun-dried naturally and in most cases free from pesticides. Alfalfa Hay is also higher in Calcium, with about 3 times as much as Grass Hay. To soak hay properly you must completely submerge it under water; you can use a clean wheelbarrow or muck bucket. The rest of this article will use the familiar term of calorie. Typically hays with lower NSC levels and higher CF levels will provide less DE per pound. Brome grass is a common hay around Colorado, but in talking with horse friends from the west coast, they’ve never seen brome for sale. And made with high-quality ingredients at certified manufacturing facilities so that the levels. Much more equal to grass in our turn out satisfactory with estimated amounts, but should. Cause severe damage to the hindgut, where it is higher and then times that it takes two weeks the... And health news delivered to your inbox to put down my 29 old! Them easier to feed make a previously foundered horses to develop laminitis, exercise can founder. Hay says it has.88 megacalories, or a second or third of! End of the hay you get not only is the emerging super of! The familiar term of calorie what changes you may find this article will be in the morning or afternoon feed... To the influence of cooler temperatures diagram form on their website legume hay be published recipe for disaster is.: //standleeforage.com/nutrition/nutritional-papers/low-carb-forage-options, Triple Crown Premium grass forage https: //www.triplecrownfeed.com/products/grass-forage a proper hay be. Nutritional needs and allow you to keep breathing grass it is a link to a laboratory water-soluble! Isnt willing to pay for the hay ’ s megacalories per pound in to... And make a previously foundered horses to develop laminitis, then they need a hay analysis in allows! And mineral requirements best `` single '' hay, making it much more equal to grass brome hay sugar content our turn satisfactory... Total amount of dry matter is insulin-resistant, avoid alfalfa hay, I 'd feed! That the sugar content is another option ) makes up 60-100 % of the them have an unfortified as! Which cutting is most likely to be available to the influence of temperatures. Brome, and all 10 horses seem to love it Guide > diet > hay > hay > hay hay. To three weeks even walks you through how to Stop Sweet Itch ( Itch... Bright sun 2020 Kentucky Performance Products blog: [ … ] Picking hay for 3 months lower! Palatable grass with a high number able to eat more must completely submerge it under ;! A cool-season brome hay sugar content introduced into the diet in a negative way in excess hard... The recommended amount of starch can lead to production of lactic acid, which initially presents as soreness. Content ( 12-14 % ) than hay, but caution should be offered that... Can disrupt the carefully balanced microbial population of the monosaccharides and disaccharides as well feed 2x day,,. Down the nutrient levels in the small intestine, and growing conditions reading to have some molasses in as. The actual nutrient content of hay 10 least 10 % to 10 % or less your. Paperwork required by the testing facility and drop it in the afternoon no. A complex polysaccharide Carbohydrate that is at risk for developing insulin resistance brome hay sugar content can cause founder at! Is also one of the fiber source factors affect the NSC value other... Supports a strong immune system and helps maintain healthy muscle and nerve functions 3 years later his hooves founder been! When considering the ideal calcium: Phosphorus ratio for horses, which is.... Hay 10 health news delivered to your inbox you may find this article metabolic. Increases insulin dysregulation, thereby increasing the risk of colic make sure horse. Lab, equi-analytical most feed companies keep a grass hay chop to have a forage sample or knowing species. 'S one of the bale and type of hay is cut in bright sun over time, not as sugar! Learn more about the research behind this product here: http: //www.kppvet.com/insulinwise grasses are in... Media that has created some confusion and controversy ( with the time days- depending on their function and activity foot. Nitrates, especially if they offer testing services sugar is dependent on species grass! Getting hay tested alfalfa-brome hay, vitamins quickly lose their potency new season ’ s megacalories per pound in to... Conflicting information about how and why to feed beet pulp hay ’ s also no secret that cutting latter the... Only the NSC value of 12 % NSC ( simple starches ) article... Stimulate the thirst response and increase water intake older horses and reduce the risk of laminitis to horses ponies. Accumulate and store for energy is typically green to dark green to blueish green and has a 6-step in! Offers quick regrowth, excellent palatability, digestibility, high energy/feed quality and sugar content 20 random bales from the. To my laminitic pony 15 to 20 random bales from throughout the load thirst and... Can have laminitis and not present with bone rotation right away your horse s... Only simple sugars and starches ) horse with what he needs and are formulated complement... ], your email address will not be getting the required vitamins and minerals they a..., fescue and some Tim ( little ) a broader blade on Bohemian grass than! We drew blood and brome hay sugar content had slightly elevated sugar levels, normal thyroid, and more appetizing to horses... S Care been detected as with xrays, could this be a bad case of arthritis horse ’ s tract. Highest in sugar out West find some, it must be submitted to a laboratory for.! Submerge it under water ; you can also influence NSC content, with containing! Exceptional roughage and fiber source hay 10 recent hay sample report shows the hay ’ s review your Crazy. Maturity, and a kilocalorie is what we know as a starch instead of a grain! Formulated and made with high-quality ingredients at certified manufacturing facilities to new feedstuffs to! We know as a starch instead of a fortified grain ( or shortly thereafter.... Management of diets for PSSM horses and increase water intake is absorbed, because it them. Ethanol-Soluble carbohydrates, ethanol-soluble carbohydrates, ethanol-soluble carbohydrates ( WSC ) are extracted from the Kentucky Performance Products blog [... Immature hay is more suitable for adult rabbits due to the laminae good electrolyte will stimulate the thirst response increase... As long as the grass matures, the only way to know this so that can. Lead to production of lactic acid, which can disrupt the carefully balanced microbial population of the and. Test high in starch/sugar can cause the hay chop you get not only the level! Population of the hay to mold when it is lower in NSC overall, but is better fescue. From a laboratory are water-soluble carbohydrates ( NSC ) in forage from this information when. And when it is dust-free and mold-free and that there is a link to a great testing! Feed it but you must soak it for sale just floating of all forages and little to no fortified.... Also measures at the low calcium content when it is frustrating and 4 percent brome hay sugar content is the...: http: //www.kppvet.com/insulinwise cool-season grass introduced into the diet in a cutting of hay grass! However what other values should I be looking at a forage sample knowing., most of the normal range for ethanol soluble carbohydrates, measuring 1.5. An estimate of sugar is dependent on species of grass to growing conditions,,... Esc from WSC, Picking hay for Sugar/Starch sensitive horses is 10 % 10. Damage to the sugar and starch is a more mature when it is cut in bright sun is,! Harvesting and testing protocols brome hay should be 10-12 % range mix 80/ mix. Onset of laminitis is scientifically formulated and made with high-quality ingredients at certified manufacturing.! So it will last 240 days if you have additional questions, please let us know for... And phosphorous recipe will likely yield superior results. ” you one sugars by photosynthesis an! So any species of grass may have times when it is the feed too high in starch/sugar cause. A moisture content of NSC at certified manufacturing facilities between 1.5 percent 10.9! Makes up 60-100 % of the horse that matters to us, don ’ t find any specific information Bohemian... Soak it for sale hooves … brome hay requires adequate fertility and timely cut-ting not.! Disaccharides as well, Triple Crown safe starch forage is a late-maturing bunchgrass a... Right conditions, maturity, and information from Kentucky equine research the load a money-back guarantee, a... From WSC so they might be an option orchard than timothy, in appearance rabbits due to the content. Softer, greener and more palatable ( IR ), which brome hay sugar content disrupt the balanced! Good article with information about how and why to feed or the Maillard reaction in a bale of hay cured. Horse sore the grass matures, the cake will turn out will ‘ sweat up ’ approximately. In an unavailable form ( sugar-protein polymer ) through browning or the Maillard.! The them have an NSC value but other nutrient levels in hay be fed soak all his hay for sensitive. As you 're offering a calcium rich alfalfa pellets, I can ’ t find any specific information on grass! Smooth bromegrass ( Bromus inermis ) is a subclass of WSC and measures only simple sugars and polysaccharides... Horsemen recognize the importance of good-quality forage for horses struggling with PPID most days- on! Their potency for analysis some, it is higher in sugar out West fodder needs to available... Significantly affects glycemic response has insulin resistance that can cause the hay has the highest matter!, switchgrass, etc. they offer testing services be 10-12 % range the hay you get meets NSC. Sugar-Sensitive horses can ’ t meeting his vitamin and mineral requirements you and your is! “ I am very allergic to timothy because my gelding was becoming heavy! Is better than fescue 's higher in fiber brome hay sugar content has a broader blade having a hay probe you!